25 obserwujących
39 notek
173k odsłony
96 odsłon

Einstein sticks out his tongue

Wykop Skomentuj3

Einstein sticks out his tongue

  Tomasz Bodziony

ABSTRACT

This article focuses on the second part of Albert Einstein’s life in the USA after 1933. It is the attempt of the author to approach the life and achievements of Albert Einstein from a different perspective, as well as the encouragement for the reader to form his or her opinion on the matter. Said publication is also the summary of the entire, three-part series of publications relating to Albert Einstein. The article was rejected by several English-language journals and removed (exactly censored) from the academic website arXiv.org with a comments: arXiv admin note: This submission has been withdrawn by arXiv administrators due to inflammatory content and unprofessional language 

Introductory remarks

Within the framework of the initial paper, the author focused on the exceptional circumstances connected with the publication of the „Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” work signed by Albert Einstein and published in Annalen der Physik in 1905 [ ] which became the foundation of a new physical theory known as the Special Theory of Relativity or in short - STR [ ]. In the consecutive paper, the unusual course of events connected with the publication of works of Albert Einstein and David Hilbert in autumn 1915, which turned out to be the basis for the General Theory of Relativity or in short – GTR, was discussed in detail [ ]. The protagonist of said publication was predominantly David Hilbert, a great mathematician and a remarkably problematic person. It is the time to go back to the person being the major focus of the entire set of articles, namely: Albert Einstein.

   Many years had passed since the events of 1915. After Adolf Hitler and his party, the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP) had come to power, Albert Einstein left Germany in 1933 together with his wife, secretaries, and assistants, as well as decided to emigrate to the USA. Even then, Albert Einstein was considered the most prominent scientist to have ever lived. He was treated as the greatest genius, the knowledge of whom was equal to the one of Newton, Archimedes, or Galileo. Einstein spent the rest of his days in the USA. He lived there up to the moment of his death, 18th April 1955. The scientist was adored and appreciated in the country. He was wealthy, popular, and safe. His authority and genius were not questioned in the slightest. He quickly became an international celebrity that was idolized by the masses similarly to famous movie stars. No scientist, especially a mathematician or a physicist, has ever reached such a fame and recognition. The most powerful people in America took into account Einstein’s opinions and recommendations, including Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the USA. Einstein spent the second part of his creative life in the USA. The first part was spent in Germany, whereas the second one – in America. The first part was connected with great scientific discoveries, such as STR, GTR, and explaining Brown motion, whereas the second one…was rather insignificant in nature. For almost twenty years, Einstein had failed to give the American scientific society something of true value. It is a rather difficult puzzle to solve for individuals exploring the life and thoughts of Einstein. There are many Einstein’s biographies written in a hard to omit adoring tone [ , , , and many more]. One will surely find it easy to find come across hastily written biographies that show Einstein as a flawless genius. It has to be said that perspective is of importance here. The world is perceived differently by a kneeling and by a standing person. Biographers dealing with Einstein’s life consider it to be a pity that such a genius who had lived for so many years in America, had perfect living conditions, and no material problems to struggle with, had failed to create a truly fascinating individual work. They go as far as to write that he simply wasted the second part of his life [4]. They try to justify it by stating that he wanted to create the theory of everything, the so-called theory of great unification. It is not a surprise that he failed. He could not have succeeded back then. However, he even failed to present some promising, partial results of his examinations. If Einstein was a self-taught genius, such a fruitless scientific career in the second part of his life has to be considered a surprise. Albert Einstein had published many a work during his 20 year long stay in the USA. Some of them were truly important. As an example, one can quote the paper from 1935 focusing on the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox, or in short - the EPR paradox [ ]. Many of his works, including the one touching upon the issue of the EPR paradox, were written together with his co-workers. Einstein liked to take care of younger scientists, for whom it was a honor and a real pleasure to be able to work with such an exceptional genius. It cannot be left unnoticed that Einstein’s name was always the first one when it came to indicating publication authors. When it comes to the factual division of work or the authorship of individual ideas, one can only speculate.

Wykop Skomentuj3
Ciekawi nas Twoje zdanie! Napisz notkę Zgłoś nadużycie

Więcej na ten temat

Salon24 news

Co o tym sądzisz?

Inne tematy w dziale